• Less Best

  • First Reduce

  • Or Rent

  • Then Refine

Our Story

We believe that owning fewer material things can make us happier.
Reduce what we own, rent what we need, and refine the rest.
Here is the deceivingly simple method to our happiness.


Make an inventory of every single thing you own.
Keep what you really need or love.
Get rid of everything else.


Rent or borrow everything that you need.
Let someone else buy it and care for it.
A house, a car, a tool, you name it!


Whatever you need and cannot be rented, buy it.
Find the very best that your money can buy.
Enjoy it everyday, make it last a lifetime.

Less is best. Reduce or rent, then refine what is left.


Simplify Everything

The less you own, the less you have to take care of.
Simplify your life by focusing on what truly matters.

Save Money

Sell what you do not need, and buy fewer new things.
Save more money by renting what you occasionally need.

Find Luxury

Refine to the utmost degree the few things that you own.
Define your own sense of luxury, and treasure it.

Enjoy Life

Focus your time on experiences rather than possessions.
Enjoy every single moment that life has to offer.

Ghalimi Scale

Make an exhaustive inventory of everything you own.
Discard all items that you do not need nor love.
Lookup your level on the Ghalimi Scale.



items, more or less



items or less



items or less



items or less



items or less



items or less



items or less



items or less



items or less



items or less

This logarithmic scale is a based on the Lucas numbers, starting from the ninth. The first eight were skipped because we believe that no ordinary person can enjoy a productive life while owning fewer than 29 items (eighth Lucas number). Should you prove us wrong, we will gladly update our scale.

The lesser, the better.

Refine Now


Rule #1
Indivisible sets like a pair of shoes count for 1.

Rule #2
Small sets like an emergency kit or a sewing set count for 1.

Rule #3
Cases that came with other items are not counted (e.g. umbrella pouch).

Rule #4
Chargers that came with other items are not counted (e.g. phone charger).

Rule #5
Consumable supplies like cosmetics or foods are not counted.

Rule #6
Shared items like furniture pieces are pro-rated.



The Monk


The Journeyman


The Collector


What is this site trying to sell?

Right now, just an idea, for free. In the future, an app, maybe.

Are you against consumption?

No, we are against consumerism. Consume less to consume best.

Is it just another form of minimalism?

No. Unlike minimalists, we celebrate the desire for utmost quality.

Does it lead to fetishism?

Possibly. But we like to think of it as love of craftsmanship.

Do you practice what you are preaching?

Of course! I am at level 4, and here is my inventory.

Where do you get your inspiration from?

Ancient stoic philosophy, Henry D. Thoreau, David Allen, and Japan.

Reduce > Rent > Refine

Start Now


Write it down

Write your inventory down, starting from this template, or whichever tool suits you best. Be exhaustive and follow these simple rules. Only keep items that you really need, or really love.

Use a buffer bin

Put all unwanted items in a bin. Leave them there for a few weeks. During that time, feel free to take anything back from the bin. After a while, whatever is left in the bin can be sold, donated, or recycled.

Focus on what you keep

When going through your inventory, focus on what you keep, not what you leave. Use the burning house question, or whichever trick of the mind that might work for you.

Cut deeper now

Once you have removed everything you could from your inventory, sleep over it, then try cutting deeper. Before long, it will feel like a game, and there will never be a better time to score more points.

Set a realistic goal

The journey matters more than the destination. Not everyone needs to be like Diogenes of Sinope. Set a goal that you can reach within a reasonable timeframe. When you do, enjoy your new peace of mind.

Reward yourself

Once you reach your goal, reward yourself by refining an item from your inventory. Find the best object that your money can buy, then enjoy this little piece of luxury. Make it matter, and make it last.

Add some slack

Once you reach a lower level on the scale, keep removing a few more items from your inventory. This little bit of slack will reduce the anxiety of falling back up a level.

Include your wishlist

One way to get more slack and some extra motivation is to include your wishlist within your inventory. And if you tag your desired items accordingly, friends will know what to gift you.

What is your level on the scale?

Lookup Now


Before you buy a new object,
ask yourself the following ten questions;
if you get more than two negative answers, hold on!

Is this object something I need?
Is this object something I desire?
Is this object the best I can afford?
Is this object multifunction?
Is this object meaningful?
Is this object beautiful?
Is this object well designed?
Is this object easy to replace?
Is this object easy to transport?
Is this object timeless?




info at less dot best